2016年03月23日

2016 早稲田大(政経)自由英作文

The entrance examination for Waseda University
Read the statement below and write a paragraph giving at least two reasons why you agree or disagree with it. Write your answer in English in the space provided on your written answer sheet. (It is suggested that you spend no more than 15 minutes on this section.)
Smoking should be made illegal in Japan.
My answer:
I agree with the idea that smoking should be illegal in Japan. It is true that smoking has economic benefits. The Japanese government has huge debts, and the tobacco industry contributes trillions of yen in tax revenue. However, I believe that the disadvantages of smoking far outweigh the advantages. First of all, statistics show that the habit of smoking is the main cause of cancer. A lot of chemicals have already been banned because they may harm our health. Nicotine should be added to the list of illegal substances. In addition, careless smoking is the leading cause of fire deaths. Just a cigarette can lead to tragedies, such as house fires and wildfires. In conclusion, although smoking has a positive effect on the economy, the effect does not last long. In the long run, we cannot ignore the demerits. Therefore, smoking should be illegal in Japan.
(146 words)

※以下の解答例に対抗するつもりで、agree の立場から書いてみました。
※はたして、どちらがより説得力があるでしょうか?
※どの程度かければ合格なのかは、まったくわかりません……。

-model answer (河合塾発表)-
I disagree with this idea. It is true that smoking does harm to the health of smokers and non-smokers who are near them. It can cause lung cancer and heart disease, for example. It is also true that hospitals spend a lot of time and money treating sick smokers every year. However, to keep our democracy healthy, I believe adults should be allowed to do what they want with their bodies provided they do not hurt others. If we ban smoking, we will have to ban other harmful activities such as drinking alcohol or eating too much chocolate. It will never end. Furthermore, smoking is good for the economy. The government collects a lot of tax on cigarette sales, and the tobacco industry provides thousands of jobs for people in this country.
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